The United States has forty state lotteries. Despite the large numbers of winners, these monopolies are largely unregulated. The profits generated by these lotteries support a variety of government programs and services. As of August 2004, the lottery was operating in forty states, with more than 90 percent of the country’s population living in a state with a lottery. The lottery can be purchased by any adult physically in a lottery state.
The first known lotteries in the Americas were held in the 1760s, and were primarily intended to provide money for the construction of a mountain road in Virginia. The lottery was also supported by Benjamin Franklin, who believed it could fund the Revolutionary War. In the United States, the lottery was first linked to public funds, which were raised by wealthy noblemen during Saturnalian revels. The lottery has long been used as a source of funding for public projects, and early records even mention that the Roman emperor Augustus organized a lottery in 1445 to raise funds for the building of the walls in the city of Rome. The prize, of course, was four hundred florins – roughly equivalent to US$170,000 in 2014.
A five-digit game, called Pick 5, involves choosing five numbers from a set list of thirteen. Prize payouts are fixed regardless of the number of tickets sold. Daily numbers games also feature a fixed prize structure. In addition, many lottery contracts contain a clause protecting the lottery from non-performance. A four-digit game is equivalent to a five-digit game, but involves choosing four numbers from a list of nine. A four-digit game, meanwhile, requires players to select four digits from one to nine.